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Development Stages

Below, you can find a rough guide on development stages from birth to infants. This page also includes advice on brushing teeth, sleeping and starting school.

  • 0-3 months- lifts head when on their stomach, visual and oral exploration, can be soothed by rocking, perception of pain, will drool, coos and smiles.
  • 3-6 months- babbles, rolls over, recognises their mother, can distinguish between familiar faces and strangers, is interested and engaged with the activity around them.
  • 6-9 months- crawls about, sits without support, enjoys when parent plays ‘peek-a-boo’, can pick up larger objects with fingers, starts to eat solid foods, and points with index finger.
  • 9-12 months- control of legs and feet, stands, responds to simple commands, understands the words “no-no”, responsive to their own name, gives and takes objects, mostly talks in ‘gibberish’. 
  • Infants- runs, can kick a ball, bladder control, interested in their mirror image, very upset when separated from parent, can feed him/herself.

Brushing teeth

Start brushing your baby’s teeth with fluoride toothpaste as soon as their first tooth comes through. Brush your child’s teeth for about 2 minutes, twice a day.
Helping your child brush their teeth:

  • Guide your child’s hand so they can feel the correct movement to brush.
  • Use a mirror when your child is brushing their teeth, so they know where the brush is when they are brushing their teeth.
  • Make teeth brushing fun, by using colourful or picture toothbrushes and use an egg timer to time them brushing their teeth.

Taking your child to the dentist:

  • The NHS dental care is free for children.
  • Make sure you find your local dentist and take your child for regular dental check-ups as advised by the dentist. 
  • You can search for a local NHS dentist in your area by clicking on the link below

NHS Direct Website (Dentist)


  • Keeping your child to a regular bedtime routine can be quite challenging. Setting a regular bedtime routine can help your child receive the right amount of sleep that they need.
  • Children usually sleep around 9-12 hours a night.
  • Sleep can be disturbed for some children, such as bedwetting, night terrors and sleepwalking.

Helping your child to sleep:

  • Reading a book to your child before they go to sleep.
  • Avoid putting technology in the child’s bedroom.
  • A warm bath to help them relax before bed.

Starting School
Starting school is a big step for your child. There are ways to help your child get ready for school:

  • Help your child to become more independent, such as dressing themselves, feeding themselves, sharing with others and playing with other children.
  • Take books out the library to help your child to read before they start school.
  • You can speak to the school if your child is worried about starting school.
  • Talk positively to your child about starting school and listen to your child if there is anything worrying them.
  • Help your child to build up their confidence, such as make sure they know it is ok to ask to go to the toilet at school. 
Information and advice for families



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